Use Shared NSUserDefaults for XPC and Interface Builder Nibs

The default Interface Builder approach of using a "Shared User Defaults Controller" object breaks down if your app preferences are not stored in the standard place. Both my apps The Archive and the Word Counter for Mac are comprised of multiple executable applications. For The Archive, it's the main app and the Quick Entry popup window. They share some settings, like which theme and font size is used. To share these settings, I rely on NSUserDefault (or just UserDefaults in Swift now). I cannot use the UserDefaults.standard, though, because that is tied to the currently running app's bundle ID. In the case of the main app, it's the ID of the main app; but for the Quick Entry helper – or any helper app –, it's the helper's bundle ID. This way, the defaults dictionaries are not shared.

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Separating State from State Changes

Reflecting on a recent change of the Word Counter's file monitoring module, I think I re-discovered a commonly advised pattern in my code: to separate state from state changes. There's an object that knows how to handle files based on extension: plain text files's words are counted differently than Word or Scrivener files. Call it Registry. Previously, this was set up once and didn't change. Now I wanted to make this configurable so users can add custom plain text extensions. This means changing that object's state.

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